The “elemental spirits” (stoicheia) which maintained a deceptively superficial order in the Old Covenant are unnecessary for Spirit-empowered believer-priests in the New Covenant. Christians do not need their lives structured by the pedagogical legal institutions of the Old Covenant.
1. Galatians 4:3,9; Colossians 2:8,20; cf. Hebrews 5:12 - 6:8
2. Galatians 3:24 - 4:9; #31
Greg Bahnsen coined the phrase "Pedagogical Law" to describe Old Testament laws which under the New Covenant can no longer be obeyed through a literal fulfillment. He noted especially animal sacrifices and temple rituals.
It is our contention that what is called the "judicial law" is also often part of the "pedagogical law."
We also contend that what we call "the State" was part of a complex of social and legal institutions that were "pedagogical" and not enduring.
Angelic beings ("the powers") were part of this pedagogical system.
The Old Covenant promised and the New Covenant revealed that the salvation brought by Christ eliminated the need for the pedagogical order of the Old Covenant.
Thesis 31: Ceremony, Ritual, Liturgy, And The “Pedagogical Law”
Thesis 33: Patriarchs And “Elders”
Thesis 34: The Need for a Pedagogical Legal Structure
Thesis 35: Angels And The Pedagogical Legal Structure
Thesis 38: Patriarchy and the Temple
Thesis 75: Self-Ordination